The transfer process for sex offenders from higher security to lower security, including minimum security occurs in the following way.
Upon entering federal custody in Canada, a Parole Officer is assigned to the inmate, who then performs an intake assessment. The Parole Officer goes over file information, including judge’s reason for sentencing, police reports, court transcripts and all other relevant documents. The Parole officer will also interview the inmate and then draft a Correctional plan. The Correctional Plan is a road map, of what the inmate must do if they plan on being granted transfer to lower security, community contact, statutory release or eventually parole aspirations. The correctional plan includes issues like maintain family contact, educational upgrading, programs such as sex offender programs, living without violence, cog-skills, and all other identified programs that the Correctional Service of Canada offers to address the inmate(s) needs.
The next thing the inmate has to address is what is called a risk assessment. This issues addresses, institutional adjustment concerns, escape risk and threat to the public safety. The rating for this is Low, Medium, High.
Institutional adjustment concerns encompasses, being charged free, no behavioural issues, following correctional plan, no intelligence concerns, no security concerns. These are all measurable things.
Escape risk concerns issues such as if they have the ability to escape, outside influences, have tried to escape before, intelligence suggest they may try to escape, or are high profile. These are very much subjective.
Threat to public safety, for the most part, is subjective. Unless there is something tangible such as threatening victims or witnesses, it cannot be anything else but subjective. The risk is then examined to determine how low it is and can it be managed in a less secure environment.
The process starts with the sex offender submitting an application to transfer to lower security. The parole officer completes a progress summary report, either recommending or not recommending the transfer. Next the Manager Assessment and Intervention (MAI) either support or writes a dissenting opinion. From there it goes to the warden who has the final say. This transfer is what is called warden’s decision.
From this process a sex offender, if he follows along, can find himself in a minimum-security prison eventually, back in community contact. It is impossible to determine how long this process can take, or how short a time it takes. It is my personal opinion that if they have to go to minimum security, where they have access to society that they be made to wear electronic monitoring. As others have reported these monitoring can be programmed to alarm if these sex offenders go near certain areas. Remember we have no cure for sex offenders, so we have to put tight controls on their movement. My preference would be that they never go beyond a medium security, and once released they go on a registry as the government is planning.
Society has to protect the vulnerable from the predators.